Microdermabrasion Crystals: How To Choose

At present, several choices and methods are present for anyone interested in microdermabrasion. Various microdermabrasion creams are available, the ingredients can change within the cream, and even several selections of microdermabrasion crystals up for grabs. The only important decision anyone interested in microdermabrasion needs to make is whether to go through the procedures or not. All other choices are reduced in relevance after that.

A Brief History of Microdermabrasion

It is a simple procedure that hastens the exfoliating of dead skin cells extending across several treatments. The procedure was officially documented in Italy, in 1985, but mud bath treatments have been in use in East and West Europe for centuries as a beauty regimen. The principles are similar though the technologies are centuries apart.

In 1992, the whole of Europe had embraced treatment with 10 units in operation. In 1996, the FDA approved its operations in the United States. Since then, more and more innovations regarding the technology has been introduced, providing more options for the potential patient.

The Basic Premise of Microdermabrasion

The process is based on speeding up the stripping of dead skin cells on your skin. By removing the dead skin cells through an abrasive procedure, the body is forced to develop newer skin faster, resulting in literally a younger skin.

To understand the whole procedure better, the procedure interrupts the natural cycle of the renewal of skin in the human body. The natural process is that as the human body produces new skin, the older cells are pushed outwards, until the stratum corneum, the outermost layer of skin, is formed. The oldest skin cells are then naturally shed to make way for the new stratum corneum.

When microdermabrasion is applied to the skin, it is the stratum corneum that is targeted by the abrasion. As the outermost layer is slowly removed, newer skin is exposed, and tasked to perform the functions of the stratum cornea. Hence the newer skin, the younger skin.

Interrupting the Cycle

The layer of old or dead skin cells still perform a couple of functions for the human body. This is the reason it is with care that these functions continue to operate smoothly while in the period of treatment.

One function of the stratum corneum is to protect the body from any outside threats. Infections, germs and bacteria should be avoided while body is undergoing treatment, just to be on the safe side.

Another function of the stratum corneum is to keep the body from dehydrating. This is the main reason moisturizing cream usually comes along with the treatment. This temporarily helps keep the body hydrated long enough for the patient to make the necessary adjustments.

The Ingredients of Products

Several creams are available for microdermabrasion purposes. Each perform just as well as the other with some basic ingredients that sets the cream apart from the rest.

One ingredient to look for in products is if the cream contains Vitamin A. Others may contain vitamins K, E and C, which help the healing process after abrasion, but the ingredient A serves a different purpose. Since Vitamin A can also be abrasive, the dual action of the crystals and Vitamin A might be too much for those with sensitive skin.

It is the same for the creams containing mild acids. The acids do help with the abrasion of the skin, but when the skin is sensitive to begin with, the cream containing mild acids is not suggested.

Some creams contain natural extracts such as bamboo, grap, green tea. Because most natural products are antioxidants and anti-inflammatory, the benefits of these added ingredients actually help over the course of the treatments.

Microdermabrasion Crystals — the Key Ingredient

There are several crystals to choose from for microdermabrasion. The first one used was corundum crystals, and later on, other variants such as diamond bits, pumice powder, crushed pearls and sodium bicarbonate crystals appeared.

Another name for corundum crystals is aluminum oxide. The irregularity of the shape of corundum crystals allow more efficient abrasions on the skin. But for about a decade now, the medical community has been interested specifically in the effects of aluminum on the human body, on whether the element is toxic or leads to risks of certain illnesses.

And although no definitive studies have shown aluminum toxicity in the human body except for very high levels of aluminum, the very controversy has decreased the applications of aluminum in the medical community.

Even in microdermabrasion, where the procedure is already external in nature, the use of corundum has slowly decreased due to this controversy. The availability of other crystals may have had some say in the matter, but the controversy regarding aluminum use definitely does not help.

The use of diamond bits in microdermabrasion is becoming more and more popular. This technology makes use of the cheaper synthetic diamond, and the equipment using diamond bits are more flexible and convenient in this regard. The tool is shaped almost like a wand, and the form and shape of the tool allows for more careful application of microdermabrasion. Compared to other equipment, the tool made specifically for diamond bits is more precise, and facial microdermabrasion is more possible.

However, the wand-shaped tool does not allow for any skin irregularities. Also, because the tool is applied directly to the skin, there is a danger that bacteria from one area of the skin might be transferred to another part of the body.

Other crystals such as sodium bicarbonate crystals are used for patients with more sensitive skin, or for lighter touches of microdermabrasion.

All the Choices That Follow

All these choices are natural consequences of the first. The choice of crystals is already predetermined by your skin sensitivity. Even the cream that you use, the options are those that help, or those that do not. Options are available, even when limited by the good choices. Some of your choices include chemical peel and DIY microdermabrasion at home.


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